How integrated care systems can improve digital inclusion
Sarah Boyd, Head of Digital Experience and Transformation at Norfolk & Waveney Health and Social Care Partnership (NWHSCP), explores how her integrated care system (ICS) is using digital health to improve patient inclusion and help reduce health inequalities.
Health inequality is a growing problem but is still too often discussed separately from the core business of the NHS. Patients are treated through siloed care pathways, with conversations about why some populations have poorer health outcomes often treated as an aside.
The pandemic brought this into greater focus, especially around digital inclusion. Technology rolled out across the NHS in response to Covid-19 often widened the gap between those who could access online services and those who couldn’t.
The benefits of ICSs
When it comes to digital inclusion, there is little doubt that ICSs offer a huge opportunity to deliver more equitable access to healthcare and improved health outcomes for those previously underserved by the health system.
NWHSCP is a new type of organisation, working as a system across the Norfolk and Waveney region. Operating across the public sector, along with health and social care, councils and with voluntary organisations, presents an opportunity tackle health inequality and exclusion in a person-centred way.
The ICS allows health leaders to work across organisational boundaries, to test assumptions about exclusion, and to leverage the work that happens at the level of individual places.
Fixing existing digital inequalities
At every stage, NWHSCP are ensuring that their digital projects address digital inequalities. By implementing a pan-public sector hub-and-spoke model that provides personalised support to excluded groups, their plan is to gain the wider benefits of digital inclusion by engaging people – not only in health services – but more broadly in society.
For example, if a GP detects that an elderly person in their care is socially isolated, they can refer them to a central digital inclusion service. From there, they may be passed to a library or volunteer service who are able to provide connectivity or a 5G-enabled device, along with the ongoing support to use it. This allows the patient to order repeat prescriptions, but also to food shop online or video call family and friends, with positive benefits for their wider health and wellbeing.
“Creating an environment in which every service is digitally inclusive offers benefits not just to individuals, but also to wider society”
Asking people to go to an appointment at an unfamiliar location can create unnecessary barriers. As it proceeds, the ambition of NWHSCP is to work towards using services that people already access to provide a trusted contact point. If patients are already known to a church group or domestic violence shelter, for example, they might receive support there.
Through community partnerships, ICSs can build a network of digital tools and skill provision. For example, if a partially-sighted person, or family member, needs a speech-to-text reader, NWHSCP can point them towards their trusted toolkit. Once a person has access to this network, they can then download tools freely, ahead of their health needs.
Building an inclusive service
Creating an environment in which every service is digitally inclusive offers benefits not just to individuals, but also to wider society. As the Good Things Foundation’s Widening Digital Participation report found in March 2020, digital inclusion pays for itself in better mental and physical health, and stronger participation in the economy. For every pound spent, £6.20 is made back.
With this in mind, ICSs can leverage skills found in the private sector to identify new ways to increase inclusivity. Companies in the space include ThriveByDesign and CardMedic, an award-winning digital tool that provides instant access to communications options to improve engagement with healthcare professionals.
CardMedic is designed to help patients with a language barrier, visual, hearing or cognitive impairment, or to communicate through PPE and is unique in its space.
One issue with digital inclusivity tools is that they’re often seen as only affecting excluded communities, but digital inclusivity applies to everyone. Many people often struggle to retain emotionally-sensitive medical information, such as details about a cancer diagnosis. Tools like CardMedic allow any patient to review the basics of a hospital procedure or consultation – helping them to feel more secure in their care.
Through pulling together with public sector and voluntary organisations, NWHSCP has built a strong, interconnected and multi-disciplinary team to implement their digital transformation agenda. As ICSs move towards statutory footing, the hope is to build on their initial successes though good recruitment and the implementation of innovative technology.
But there is only so much one system organisation can achieve on its own. To maximise the potential of integrated care systems, the NHS will require a national system for picking up on digital innovation. It should not be up to individual ICSs to find products, such as CardMedic, themselves. Digital inclusivity should be available to all.